Situational Awareness


Situational Awareness involves being aware of what is happening in the vicinity, in order to understand how information, events and one's own actions will impact goals and objectives, both immediately and in the near future. One with an adept sense of situational awareness general has a high degree of knowledge with respect to inputs and outputs of a system, i.e. an innate "feel" for situations, people and events that play out due to variables the subject can control. Lacking or inadequate situational awareness has been identified as one of the primary factors in accidents attributed to human error. Thus, situational awareness is especially important in work domains where the information flow can be quite high and poor decisions may lead to serious consequences(e.g. piloting an airplane, functioning as a soldier or treating critically ill or injured patients).

​Having complete, accurate and up-to-the-minute Situational awareness is essential where technological and situational complexity on the human decision-maker are a concern. Situational awareness has been recognized as a critical, yet often elusive, foundation for successful decision-making across a broad range of complex and dynamic syste​ms.

​Knowing what is going on so you can figure out what to do, accessibility of a comprehensive and coherent situation representation which is continuously being updated in accordance with the results of recurrent situation assessments.​

​The combining of new information with existing knowledge in working memory and the development of a composite picture of the situation along with projections of future status and subsequent decisions as to appropriate courses of action to take. 

the continuous extraction of environmental information along integration of this information with previous knowledge to form a coherent mental picture and the end use of that mental picture in directing further perception and anticipating future needs.


​Adaptive, externally-directed consciousness that has as its products knowledge about a dynamic task environment and directed action within that environment.

​What you need to know not to be suprised.

​Keeping track of what is going on around you in a complex, dynamic environment.​

​The aim of efficient situation awareness is to keep the operator coupled to the dynamics of the environment.

​The ability to maintain a constant, clear mental picture of relevant information and the tactical situation including friendly and threat situations as well as terrain.

Situational awareness is a state achieved when information that is qualitatively determined by given configuration as suitable for assumed role is made available to stakeholder by engaging them in appropriate information exchange patterns. ​